Fenix HL10 headlamp (2016 model) - Review and thoughts.

The 2016 Fenix HL10: Small but mighty.

Without a doubt, no collection of lights is complete without a good headlamp. I've been meaning to pick one up for quite some time, but the choices are pretty overwhelming. As much as I'd like to say I'd be using it to climb Mt. Everest, explore jungles or navigate dangerous caverns - my uses are much less exciting and more along the lines of dog walking, light jogging, working around the house, emergency use and things of that nature. Alas, I'm just an average user but I can still dream at least.

Small enough for EDC.
With that said, as soon as I unboxed the HL10 I knew it was right up my alley. It's a simple, no nonsense light for the average user with basic features I want and nothing I don't want. It has a single clicky switch to control it, 3 lighting modes powered by 1 common AAA, full control to tilt the beam and of course a rugged, waterproof design.

With 70 max lumens it might not be the best choice for treacherous wilderness adventures, but it's still quite bright. This makes the 2016 HL10 a great choice for basic outdoor tasks. The wide angle beam profile spreads light out well and effectively, so for close up and medium range use this is a really excellent, lightweight headlamp weighting only 1.2 oz without a battery.

The light has 3 settings, controlled by a single clicky switch, with the typical long press on/off and short press to cycle through the modes. As always you'll want to use an Eneloop or Eneloop Pro for best performance with this as Fenix rates the run times higher with NiMH rechargeables versus disposable alkaline batteries. Low mode is 4 lumens with a 26 hour run time. Medium is 30 lumens with 3 hours and 10 minutes of run time. High is good for 70 lumens and a 1 hour run time.

You can remove the HL10 from the casing for a tiny pocket or keychain light.
 The headband is a simple but effective design. The band is a soft microfiber type material with an adjustable clip on the back, which is very secure on your head thanks to a more grippy material on the inner band. The light itself snaps onto a hard plastic case, which allows for rotating the light to your desired angle. It's incredibly lightweight and comfortable - so much you'll quickly forget it's there. Being able to remove the light helps with versatility as well: you can use it as a traditional hand held flashlight or use the included ring to add it to your keychain.

One interesting feature on the HL10 is the flood and spot setting. By design the lamp is quite floody but Fenix made this with 2 beam modes for added flexibility. Removed from the plastic case, the light is essentially styled like a lantern. The clear plastic rotating lens has two parts: the spot setting is smooth and the flood setting is rough plastic - effectively making the beam more uniform and even. It's a subtle difference, nothing dramatic, but I've found the spot setting best for outdoor use whereas the flood is more diffused, eliminating the hot spot and making a more even beam - best suited for close up jobs where softer, less intense light is needed.
Simple clicky switch to change modes and a rotating lens for 2 beam styles.
Overall after using this headlamp for past month, it's easy to see it's strengths and weaknesses.

On high the battery is only good for an hour. That is the trade off with such a small, compact 1x AAA light. With any extended use you will want spare batteries and changing them isn't fast or easy in something this small. But again, it's a sacrifice you make with the size. Medium offers more efficiency with a bit over 3 hours while still being able to navigate in the dark, which helps with battery conservation.

The HL10's beam is useful but it's not a thrower by any means. It's not going to be lighting up objects 100 yards away - this is strictly for seeing a wide area right in front of you.

However it does succeed in ease of use, portability, battery efficiency, and comfort. It does have it's limitations where bigger, brighter lamps might be a better choice. But being under $30 it's still a wonderful light that runs on a common cell and throws a very wide beam in front of you.

For the price it's definitely a rugged, reliable option for someone who needs a no frills, hands free light source but doesn't need the long range power of more expensive lamps. Another winner from Fenix!

Need a place to buy it with super fast shipping? Check here!

Lastly, a big thank you to Fenix for providing this light free of charge!


A look at some of the best 4x AA powered flashlights

AA batteries - they're abundant, widely available and chances are most of us have them at home. Sure, more advanced and better performing cells exist, but you can't find them at virtually every store like you can with AAs. With the availability of alkalines, rechargeable, and lithium AA cells you have many ways to power a flashlight during an emergency.     

In this guide we'll take a look at some of the best, most versatile and most powerful lights that run on 4 common AAs. Whether its a light for power outages, walking the dogs or exploring the wilderness...you can't go wrong with any of these flashlights!

Fenix LD41

In 2015 Fenix bumped the lumens to 960, making this one bright light. With a throw of 300 meters, this tactical minded light will handle the darkness with ease.

Sunwayman D40a

The D40a is modern light that won't let you down. With a plethora of options, it is both a functional and high tech tool.

Fenix E41

The E41 might be compact, but it makes a wide searchlight style beam with a 275 meter throw to back it up. The 1000 lumen burst mode turns night into day.

Thrunite TN4A

This offering from Thrunite boasts an amazing blend of brightness and efficiency. With very low, and very high output this is one useful light.


The Last Nirvana Song

Every now and then I get a bit of Nirvana nostalgia and fall in love again with one of my all time favorite bands. But, as we all know their career was short, explosive, bittersweet and tumultuous. It's hard to listen to them without the painful reminder that their time with us was woefully short and ended in tragedy.

There's no secret collection of completed studio quality songs. Unfortunately, there's really not much left in the Nirvana vault. Hardcore fans are still elated to occasionally find that a new live recording has surfaced, or a home demo has been found or an obscure 1980s track has been unearthed. However, as far as completed studio work, we've basically reached the end of the road.

Back when I was younger, one of my good friends was also a massive fan of the band. Wise beyond his years, he basically hit the nail on the head just a few years after Cobain died - "Once they run of out Nirvana recordings, they'll probably resort to releasing whatever recordings they can find. We'll probably get to hear Kurt brushing his teeth." he said. It's a bit of an exaggeration, but he's right. We've seen Kurt's journals, old demos of him messing around - lots of things that were likely never meant to see the light of day, essentially because the high quality songs have already been released. One could argue that there is value in those kind of recordings, insight into the creative process but regardless they came to fruition because that's virtually all there is left.

When we got word that there was basically one last studio recorded, full band Nirvana song, recorded January 30, 1994 just mere months before Kurt's death, it became a holy grail of sorts.

Though, it was never officially titled it came to be known as You Know You're Right.

I just happened to hear the song, for the first time in a few years and all the memories and emotions hit me like a freight train, again.

The song does have a pretty interesting back story, though. It is assumed to have been written in the latter half of 1993, as the band played a slightly different version of it live in October of 1993. On January 30, 1994 the band recorded it in Seattle during their final studio session. Cobain himself even demoed an acoustic solo version of it at some point around that time.

The 1994 studio version of the song remained locked away for years until talk of a release of the song began, and in turn a fierce legal battle ensued. Courtney Love felt the track would be best suited for a single disc "best of" album, whereas Krist Novoselic and Dave Grohl wanted to release it on an "anthology" type boxed set.

The lawsuit was eventually settled in 2002, with the studio recorded You Know You're Right appearing on the 2002 best of release Nirvana. The boxed set went on as planned, despite being delayed a few years and was released in 2004 with the acoustic solo demo of the song.

Now here's where the real fun starts.

At the beginning of October 2002, the song was officially released as a single, with the full compilation due out at the end of that month. However, prior to this a rough mix of the track leaked on the internet.

Yes, the last proper Nirvana song, one that was the subject to years of legal wrangling, perhaps the most sought after track for the band at the time....just somehow ended up online in its entirety, outside of any official release. Fan sites began blowing up and even some radio stations picked it up and started playing the mp3 file on the air. Cease and desist orders began flying around, and as a legal battle ended, a new legal battle started.

Whoever leaked the song, it was a clear fuck you to Courtney Love. She may have won the battle, but she lost the war. Essentially every Nirvana fan on the planet with a computer heard the track well before it's official release. In 2002 I was following this pretty closely, if I recall correctly, a fan from Spain claimed to acquire an advance copy of Dave Grohl's Probot CD, which had the Nirvana song secretly at the end of it and subsequently the track was leaked and spread like wildfire.

In the end, it was almost like something Cobain himself would have done.

While lyrically it invokes a definite sense of despair and sadness, the song ended up being a poignant track to be remembered as their final work. You Know You're Right is pure Nirvana: loud guitars, pummeling drums and a powerful vocal delivery. None of them at the time knew they'd be recording their final song together, but what came of it was among their best.


A Tale of Two Zombies

May 26, 2012. Miami, Florida.

For reasons unknown, 31 year old Rudy Eugene removes his clothes while walking and begins viciously attacking a homeless man. Eugene begins eating the victim's face, destroying nearly 80% of it. A lone police officer arrives on the scene and begins to order Eugene to cease the attack. The officer was reportedly growled at in response. After not complying with orders, Rudy Eugene was shot dead. The homeless victim lived, despite having to undergo massive facial surgeries. Marijuana was the only drug found in the perpetrators system.

August 15, 2016. Tequesta, Florida.

19 year old FSU student Austin Harrouff inexplicably storms out of the restaurant he and his family were dining at, allegedly agitated at the slow service. He begins the several mile walk, likely towards his father's house, when he began to remove some of his clothes. Along the way, he encounters a husband and wife sitting outside their garage that night. Harrouff begins his bloody rampage: killing the wife, injuring a neighbor who tried to intervene, and killing the husband, who he crawled on top of an began eating his face and abdomen. Officers arrived and took the subject into custody where he was transferred to a local hospital. Harrouff allegedly tells police they won't find drugs in his system. Initial toxicology results show negative for cocaine, marijuana and amphetamines. 

We have two bizarre, yet similar attacks here. Both assailants inexplicably attack their victim(s) savagely, but we have two very different outcomes here. Rudy Eugene, a black man, refused to stop his attack. He was shot multiple times and died at the scene of the attack. Austin Harrouff, on the other hand was a young white male. He too refused to stop gnawing on his victim, yet lethal force was not used. Officers utilized a taser, a dog and then eventually it took several people to remove him from the victim.

At first glance, this contrast seems ripe for racial commentary. Black cannibal gets killed; white cannibal alleged perpetrator gets humanely treated and promptly taken to the nearest hospital.

Of course, media outlets like the NY Daily News and Washington post absolutely blasted Martin County police for apparently acting with such restraint or conversely for not immediately shooting him dead, exactly how Rudy Eugene was handled. Many pundits went on to say that Harrouff was essentially spared because he was white.

Yet again, our country shows no sign of stopping the great racial divide.

However, as similar as these cases seem, they couldn't be more different. Rudy Eugene was initially approached by a single officer. In fact, it was that lone office who handled the whole situation. He saw a helpless man being viciously attacked by an assailant who was not responding to his commands to stop. This policeman evaluated the situation, felt he could stop the attacker without harming himself or the victim...and that's what he did. Every single shot fired was on target, not a single stray bullet hit the victim, who went on to survive the ordeal.

When police arrived to the scene of Austin Harrouff's attack, the officers admit they first considered shooting him. However, the deciding factor was not because he was white, rather because he was literally face-to-face with his victim chewing him apart while laying on top of him. Officers had no idea if the male victim was still alive and did not want to risk hitting him with a stray bullet, or even striking Harrouff and having the bullet go through him and then hitting the victim.

Both instances are a tragedy, no matter how you look at it. But skin color had nothing to do with it.

However, the biggest tragedy here is the media infatuation of questioning why a black man had to be shot for brutally attacking someone, while ignoring the fact that his victim miraculously survived against all odds, despite extensive injuries. And then so much outrage is directed at the white kid for not getting shot, we basically forget to mourn the 2 senseless deaths and 1 injury that resulted.

In the end, maybe these senseless killers aren't the real zombies. Maybe we are. 


Fenix UC01: A Modern Key Chain Companion

After getting a free purple CL05 from Fenix and subsequently adding it to my wife's already colorful key chain, I figured it was now time for a similar light of my own. When it comes to upping your light game, there's plenty of choices for your keys.

Ultimately, for me it came down to the E05 and the UC01. I liked the traditional look of the E05, as well as the 85 lumen output. The run times and throw are good, making it very much a light with full sized usability, just in a small package.

However, with the E05 utilizing a twisty head switch, the trade off is two handed operation. For some this isn't an issue. I could probably live with it but most of the time I have an E12 in my pocket, which has a tail switch and is brighter. Sure, the E05 could serve well as a back up but I want simple, effortless one handed operation. Chances are many times at night I already have my keys in hand, so a simple push of a button would be a convenient option for basic illumination.

The E05 is no slouch, but I already have a few other lights from the E series in my arsenal. With that said, I don't think it would get much use on my keys.

The UC01 seemed appeared to be a good choice: Wide beam pattern, USB chargeable, 3 modes, battery indicator light, single button control and moderately waterproof.

My impression is the overall ease of use with this would result in a more functional light for my keys. I believe I would use this more often and not necessarily feel like I need to grab something easier to use or something brighter. So, the UC01 wins. I place my order and find it in my mailbox a few days later.

Now the fun part...

Ripping open the tightly sealed packaging. I think Fenix uses Level III body armor when packaging their products.

Inside is a bit barren compared to other Fenix items. In this case, there's the standard warranty card, instructions and fold out ad for other lights. Obviously, no spare battery or O ring with this one.

In terms of size, the UC01 was smaller than I anticipated. It is styled like the old flat, rectangular key lights of the past, but with a modern twist. However, it's virtually the same width and height of a mini Bic lighter. It's a tiny little thing. Despite the small stature, it still feels fairly rugged. The front end has two little "horns" to aid in protecting the LED in the event of a drop and the rear securely holds the included ring. The soft rubber USB cover is easy enough to manipulate, but still feels snug when it's inserted. I wouldn't try and submerge this light, but it still boasts a water proof rating, so a little rain won't be an issue.

Operation is simple. To check the battery level you press the switch. The indicator light will shine green when at a good battery level, red when it is getting low and then blinking red when it's critically low. To turn it on you hold the switch down for 1/2 second. Then a quick press cycles the light from Low < Medium < High. Long press again to turn off. Mode memory ensures you start where you left off next time you use the light. Even though the UC01 is small, it feels secure in your hand, like a little remote control.

The beam is quite distinct. Very cool tint and the output is very wide and uniform. It isn't so much like a traditional flashlight with a hot spot and defined edges, but instead a simple, even spot light. You won't light up your entire backyard with this, but it does make for a very soft flood light that covers a wide area. Overall, the UC01 is excellent performing, modern key chain light. It's small, weighs next to nothing, charges with a common USB cable, displays how the battery is holding up and boasts a respectable 45 lumens with efficient run times and battery regulation to back it up.

To me, this light is what a key light is supposed to be: Small, bright and handy. A wide flood beam to me is more useful than a narrow, throwy beam in this format. I'm using it primarily for simple up close tasks - Finding a key hole, rummaging through my dark car, walking into a dark house, locating an item in a dark corner, reading in low light conditions etc. With that said, the UC01 is quite an awesome light and is a welcome addition to my key chain!


The Maura Murray/Betty Lee Connection

What are the chances of Maura Murray running into a random killer?

That question perhaps is the most common response to those who vehemently feel that Maura was not murdered. They point out the improbability of her simply crossing paths with a murder. The short time frame in which she disappeared is noted and many disregard this possibility simply because it just isn't likely. She was seen one minute and gone the next. What are the odds?

Meet Betty Lee, 36 year old New Mexico native and mother of 5. She was found brutally murdered in a remote area on June 9, 2000. Investigators were able to piece together her last known whereabouts and begin to get an idea of where Betty was prior to her murder. The night before she joined two female friends at a bar. They spent the evening drinking and socializing, but by the end of the night Betty began feeling left out. Her two friends met two males at the bar and decided they were going to leave the bar with them. Betty, upset by this, pleaded with her friends not to leave as she had no ride home. The two females left with the men anyway. She was left there alone after a night of drinking, emotional and with no way back home.

Betty walked a short distance to a nearby convenience store to use the pay phone. The store clerk stated to police she witnessed a woman at the phone booth, crying. When she looked again a few minutes later, she was gone.

The police eventually tied her murder to Robert Fry, who has killed before. He was sentenced to death, and is currently awaiting execution in a New Mexico jail.

How this fits in with Maura Murray's case, isn't the murder itself, rather the circumstances leading up to it. Investigators say Betty Lee attempted to call her brother, a police officer to pick her up but wasn't able to reach him. Upset and crying and still without a ride, she hung the phone up and stepped out of the phone booth. Almost instantly, Robert Fry and his friend Les Engh pull up in their car and offer Betty a ride. Maybe because her guard was down after drinking that night, or because she felt she had no other options, Betty accepted the ride and they drove off. Fry eventually stopped the car and attempted to rape her. Betty fought back and was stabbed numerous times and beat to death with a sledgehammer, her body left in a desolate area.

So, we have two women who had been drinking. Both without transportation to their destination, alone and out of options. What likely drew Fry and Engh to Betty Lee was the fact she was alone, vulnerable and crying. While Maura may not have been crying, she was still alone and vulnerable.

With Betty Lee, this would still be an unsolved case if it wasn't for one single piece of evidence.

On the night of her murder, police found a cell phone laying on the ground in the same area of her body. It belonged to a tow truck driver who admitted he was there that night, towing a car that got stuck in rough terrain. The driver said cell service was poor in the area and after receiving a call and being unable to hear the caller, his wife, he angrily threw the phone on the ground, leaving it there. He was in fact towing Robert Fry's car that night after it got stuck. After the police made that connection, the case was quickly solved. However without that key evidence, this could have very well ended up as another cold case.

That night, Robert Fry acted under the guise of a good Samaritan, pretending he wanted to help Betty Lee by offering a ride. Instead, he tried to rape her and then brutally killed her. Betty was last seen at a pay phone, there one minute and gone the next. 

I think it's very possible Maura may have met a similar fate. However, unlike Betty Lee's case, we have no key piece of evidence to tie everything together. And so the mystery of Maura Murray continues...


Smith & Wesson Shield 45 is HERE!

It's official. The long awaited Shield chambered in 45 caliber is now happening. Here's with Smith & Wesson had to say:

This small and slim concealed carry handgun is just a tad larger than the 9 and 40 caliber variants and comes with one standard 6 round and one 7 round extended magazine with a suggested retail price of $479. The Shield line up from S&W has been extremely popular, and for good reason, it's a great series of guns. With a new 45 caliber option, things just got better!